Subjects of Biodiversity
National Biodiversity
Over 5 Years
  • Theme 1: Fishery resources
  • Theme 2: Marine protected areas
  • Theme 3: Marine pollution
  • Theme 4: Abundance trends of selected taxa
  • Theme 5: Terrestrial protected areas
  • Theme 6: Population of selected taxa
  • Theme 7: Invasive species
  • Theme 8:Sensitive habitats
  • Strategic Goal A
    Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society
  • Strategic Goal B
    Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use
  • Strategic Goal C
    To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity
  • Strategic Goal D
    Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services
  • Strategic Goal E
    Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building
  • Target 1 Mainstreaming
    By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.  
  • Target 2: Value Integration
    By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.
  • Target 3: Award Policy
    By 2020, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent and in harmony with the Convention and other relevant international obligations, taking into account national socioeconomic conditions.  
  • Target 4: Sustainable Use
    By 2020, at the latest, governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.
  • Target 5: Habitat Loss
    By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
  • Target 6: Sustainable Fishery
    By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.
  • Target 7: Sustainable Management
    By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
  • Target 8: Pollution
    By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.
  • Target 9: Invasive Species
    By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.
  • Target 10: Vulnerable Ecosystems
    By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.
  • Target 11: Protection Areas
    By 2020, at least 17 percent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 percent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes.
  • Target 12: Species Sustainment
    By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.
  • Target 13: Genetic Diversity
    By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
  • Target 14: Ecosystem Service
    By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.
  • Target 15: Ecosystem Restoration
    By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification.
  • Target 16: Benefit Sharing
    By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational, consistent with national legislation.
  • Target 17: Action Plans
    By 2015 each Party has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan.
  • Target 18: Traditional Knowledge
    By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, at all relevant levels.
  • Target 19: Scientific Knowledge
    By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.
  • Target 20: Resource Mobilization
    By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.
  • Goal 1. No poverty ✘

    End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

  • Goal 2. Zero hunger

    End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture

  • Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people ✘

    Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.

  • Goal 4: Quality education

    Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all

  • Goal 5: Gender equality ✘

    Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

  • Goal 6: Clean water and sanitation

    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.

  • Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy ✘

    Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

  • Goal 8: Decent work and economic growth

    Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

  • Goal 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure ✘

    Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and foster innovation.

  • Goal 10: Reducing inequalities ✘

    Reduce income inequality within and among countries.

  • Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities ✘

    Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable.

  • Goal 12: Responsible consumption and production

    Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.

  • Goal 13: Climate action

    Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts by regulating emissions and promoting developments in renewable energy.

  • Goal 14: Life below water

    Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

  • Goal 15: Life on land

    Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

  • Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions ✘

    Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

  • Goal 17: Partnerships for the goals

    Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

  • Response, R

    The response type of biodiversity indicators reflects strategies or action plans to stop or retard biodiversity loss.

  • Pressure, P

    This type of biodiversity indicators reflects the souces of biodiversity threats

  • State, S

    This type of biodiversity indicators reflects the status and changes of biodiversity

  • Benefit, B

    This type of biodiversity indicators reflects the service and benefits obtained from maintaining biodiversity.