The length ratio of the natural coast to the total coast in the coastal protection areas
Terrestrial protected areas
PSBR model type
14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 percent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information.
Aichi Biodiversity Targets
Target 11: By 2020, at least 17 percent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 percent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes.
Biodiversity Action Plan
D11050 follows the concept of the Central Mountain Conservation Axis to designate a belt of coastal protected areas, resolving the conflicts between protecting and exploiting existing coastal areas. Key performance indicator of the action plan (gray background represents non-quantitative)
- Complete the planning of national coastal belt of protected areas
- The area ratio of the protected natural coastal belt to the total coastal belt in Taiwan
- Identify potential locations for conflicts between protection and exploitation.
The "coastal protection areas" are designed to protect important resources within the areas. The natural coast is the natural environment along the coast. It is an ecotone between the land and sea ecosystems and is an important habitat for coastal organisms. Natural coasts often have high biodiversity and are key conservation targets for protected areas. However, Taiwan has a high population density and is extensively developed. The situation makes it urgent to exploit coastal areas, which is against sustainable development. Therefore, maintaining and increasing the ratio of natural coasts is an important goal of sustainable development. This index is established as a criterion to judge whether various construction plans, such as land exploitation, dredging, and drainage, would affect the ecological environment in the protected areas.
Definition and Calculation
The length ratio of the natural coastline to the total coastline in the coastal protected areas. The calculation method: the length of the natural coastline in the coastal protected areas/the total coastline length in the coastal protected areas.
The data and temporal range
Phase 1 and Phase 2 natural and artificial coastline in 2018. Range of coastal protected areas Phase 1 (2017)
- (The quality of the data needs to be improved and is currently not available to public)
Data Management Authorities
Urban Planning Division, Construction and Planning Agency
- Project of Coastal Resource Survey and Database Establishment, Ministry of the Interior Construction Agency (2016)
- Overall Coastal Management Plan, Ministry of the Interior (2017)